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10th social Science Guide History Chapter-6

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10th social Science History Chapter-6 - Early Revolts against British Rule in Tamil Nadu Book solutions Question and answer. You can Download PDF Class 10th Social Science notes,Guide for tamil medium and English medium. Tamil nadu samacheer Kalvi New syllabus 2020-2021



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10th social Science History Chapter-6 -  Early Revolts against British Rule in Tamil Nadu Book solutions

Unit-6 - HISTORY
Early Revolts against British Rule in Tamil Nadu
I. Choose the correct answer.

1.Who was the first Palayakkarar stores is the east IndiaCompany’s policy of territorial aggrandizement? 
a) Marudhu brothers 
b) Puli Thevar
 c) Velunachiyar 
d) Veerapandya Kattabomman
 Answer : b) Puli Thevar

2. Who had established close relationship with the three agents of Chanda Sahib? 
a) Velunachiyar
 b) Kattabomman 
c) Puli Thevar 
d) Oomai thurai 
Answer: c) Puli Thevar

3.Where was Sivasubramanian are executed? 
a) Kayathar 
b) Nagalapuram 
c) Virupachi 
d) Panchalamkurichi 
Ans:b)Nagalapuram

4. Who issued the Tiruchirappalli proclamation of Independence? 
a) Marudhu brothers 
b) Puli Thevar 
c) Veerapandya Kattabomman d) Gopala Nayak 
Answer: a) Marudhu brothers

5.When did the vellore revolt breakout? 
a) 24 May 1805 
b) 10 July 1805 
c) 10 July 1806 
d) 10 September 1806 
Answer: c) 10 July 1806

6.Who was the Commander-in-Chief responsible for the new military retaliations Vellore fort? 
a) Col. Fancourt 
b) Major Armstrong 
c) Sir John Cradock 
d) Colonel Agnew 
Ans:c)Sir John Carrick

7.Where were the sons of Tipu sultan sent after the vellore revolt? 
a) Calcutta 
b) Mumbai 
c) Delhi 
d) Mysore 
Ans: a) Calcutta

II. Fill in the blanks

1. The Palayakkarars system was put in place in Tamil Nadu by ________. 
 Answer:Viswanatha Nayaka 

2. Velunachiyar and her daughter were under the protection of ________ for eight years.
 Answer:GopalaNayakar 

3.Bennerman deputed ________ to convey his  message,  asking  Kattabomman  to surrender. 
Answer: Ramalinganar 

4.Kattabomman was hanged to death at ________. 
Answer: Kayathar 

5.The  Rebellion  of Marudhu  Brothers was  categorized  in  the British  records  as  the ________. 
Answer:Second Palayakkarar 

6.War ________ was declared the new Sultan by the rebels in Vellore Fort. 
Ans: Fateh Hyder

V.Answer briefly.
1.What were the duties of the
Palayakkarars? 

The duties of the Palayakkarars were - 
  • to collect revenue 
  • to administer the territory 
  • to settle disputes and  
  • to maintain law and order .
  • Their police duties were known as Arasu Kaval.
2. Identify the Palayams based on the division of East and West. 
  • There were two blocs namely the prominent Eastern and the Western Palayams. 
  • The Eastern Palayams were Sattur, Nagalapuram, Ettayapuram and Panchalamkurichi. 
  • The Western Palayams were Uthumalai, Thalavankottai, Naduvakurichi, Singampatti and Seithur. 
3.WhatwasthesignificanceoftheBattleofKalakadu? 
  • Chanda Sahib, the Nawab sent an additional contingent of sepoys to Mahfuzkhan and the reinforced army proceeded to Tirunelvel. 
  • Besides the 1000 sepoys of the Company, he received 600 more sent by the Nawab. 
  • He also had the support of cavalry and infantry from the Carnatic. 
  • In the mean time, 2000 soldiers from Travancore joined the forces of Puli Thevar.  
  • In the battle of Kalakadu (1765), Mahfuzkhan’s troops were routed.  
4. What was the bone of contention between the Company and Kottabomman? 

  • The Company had gained the right to collect taxes from Panchalamkurichi from the Nawab of Carnatic. 
  • The Company appointed its Collectors to collect taxes from all the Palayams. 
  • The Collectors humiliated the Palayakkarars and adopted force to collect the taxes. 
  • This was the bone of contention between the English and Kattabomman.
 5.  Highlight the essence of the Tiruchirappalli Procalamation of 1801.
  • In  Feb. 1801,  Oomathurai  and  Sevathaiah,  brothers  of Kattabomman  escaped  from Palaymkottai prison. 
  •  Chinna  Marudhu  took them  to  Siruvayal,  his  capital.    The  English  demanded  that the Marudhu Pandiyars had over the fugitives. 
  •  In  the  mean  time,  Marudhu  Pandyas  issued  a  proclamation  of  Independence  which is called Tiruchirappalli Proclamation in June 1801. 
  •  It was  an  early  call  to the Indians  to unite against  the British.    Many  palayakkars of Tamil Country rallied together to fight against the English.
VI. Answer the following in detail: 

1. Attempt an essay oftheheroicfight Veerapandya Katta bomman conducted against the East India Company.  
  • Veerapandya  Kattabomman  became the  Palayakkarar  of  Panchalamkurichi  at  the age of 30 on the death of his father, Jagavira Pandya Kattabomman. 
  • The Nawab  of Carnatic signed a treaty in  1781  with British.   As per the treaty, the Company gained the right to collect taxes from Panchalamkurichi. 
  •  To  collect the taxes, Collectors  were appointed.    The  Collectors  humiliated  the Palayakkarars and adopted force to collect the taxes. 
  •  This was the bone of contention between the English and Kattabomman.  
  •  To collect the revenue arrear,  Collector  Jackson  ordered Kattabomman  to meet  him in Ramanathapuram. But Jackson refused to give him audience. 
  •  After  a month,  an  interview was granted and  Kattabommon  met Jackson.   It that meeting, Kattabomman was insulted by the British. 
  •  Sensing  danger,  Kattabomman  tried  to  escape with  the  minister  Sivasubramanianar.  At the gate of the Ramanathapuram fort, there was a clash.  In that, Sivasubramanianar was taken prisoner.   
  •  On his  return to Panchalamkurichi,  Kattabomman  represented to the Madras  Council about  the  attitude  of  Collector Jackson.    
  • The  Council  found  fault on  the  Collector Jackson and dismissed him from the service. 
  •  In  the meantime,  Kattabomman  was  interested in  the  South  Indian  Confederacy formed by Marudhu  Pandiyar of Sivagangai.   
  • British tried to prevent Kattabomman from meeting Marudhu bothers. 
  • Kattabommon tried toinfluence Sivagiri Palayakkarars who refused to join.So, Kattabomman  advanced  to  Sivagiri.    The  Palayakkarars  of  Sivagiri  was  a  tributary  to the Company.  The company considered it as a challenge to their authority. 
  •  Lord  Wellesley sent the British forces  from  Madras under  Major  Bannerman.   On  1 Sep. 1799, an ultimatum was served on Kattabomman to surrender.  
  •  When Kattabomman refused,  Bannerman  moved  his  entire army  to Panchalamkurichi on 5th Sep. 1799.  They cut off all the communications to the fort.
  • In a class at Kallarpatti, Sivasubramanianar was taken a prisoner and Kattabomman escaped to Pudukkottai. 
  • Finally, Kattabomman was captured; mockery trial was conducted and hanged at Kayathar on 16 Oct. 1799.
2.Highlight the tragic fall of Sivagangai and its out come. 
  • Periya Marudhu (Vella Marudhu)  and his younger brother Chinna Marudhu were able Generals of Muthu Vadugar of Sivagangai.  
  • After Muthuvadugar, they assisted Velunachiyar in restoring the throne. 
  • In Feb. 1801, Oomathurai and Sevathaiah, brothers of Kattabomman escaped from the Palayamkottai prison.  Chinna Marudu took them to Siruvayal, his capital. The British troops under Colin Macaulay retook the fort Siruvayal and the Marudhu brothers  sought shelter in Sivagangaii. 
  • The English demanded that the Marudu Pandyars hand over the fugitives - Oomathurai   and Sevathaiah.  When they refused. Colonel Agnew and Colonel Innes marched on Sivagangai.  
  • In June 1801,  Marudu Pandyars issued a Proclamation of Independence which is called Tiruchirappalli Proclamation in history.   As per the Proclamation, many palayakkars of Tamil country rallied together to fight against the English. 
  • In May 1801, the English attacked the rebels in Thanjavur and Tiruchirappalli. The rebels went to Piranmalai and Kalayarkoil. They were again defeated by the forces of the English. 
  • The rebellion failed and Sivagangaii was annexed in 1801. On 24 October 1801, the Marudhu brothers were executed in the Fort of Tirupathur near Ramanathapuram. 
  • Thus, the rebellion of Marudhu brothers which is called South Indian Rebellion is a landmark event in the history of Tamil Nadu.
3.AccountfortheoutbreakofVelloreRevoltin1806.  
  • The sepoys in the British Indian army nursed a strong sense of resentment over low salaryandpoorprospectsofpromotion.the officers of British army's can't respect social and religious sentiments of the Indian sepoys. The trigger for the revolt came in the form of new military regulation.  Its outcome was the Vellore Revolt of 1806.
NewRegulationsinarmy: 
  • According to the new regulations, the Indian soldiers were asked not to wear caste marks or ear rings when in uniform.  
  • They were to be cleanly shaven on the chin and maintain uniformity how their moustache looked. 
  • Thenewturbanaddedfueltofire.Themostobjectionableadditioninthenewturban was the leather cockade made of animal skin. 
OutbreakoftheRevolt: 
  • On 10 July 1806, in the early hours, guns were booming and the Indian sepoys had raised their standard of revolt.
  • colonel fan court,Commander the garrison,was the first victim.ColonelMeKerras of the 23rd regiment was killed next. 
  • Major Arm strong who was passing the Fort heard the sound offiring.When he stopped  to  enquire  he  was  showered  by  bullets to  which  he  succumbed.  About  a dozen other officers were killed within an hour.
  •   In  the meantime, the rebels proclaimed  Fateh Hyder,  Tipu’s eldest son,  as their new ruler.they hoisted the tiger flag of my so result ansin the Fort.But the uprising was swiftly crushed.

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